The pacemaker is one of the emergency safety equipment. While this tool is very reliable for any emergency medical condition but this tool does have some limitations, including the failure of its parts and the risk of infection by viruses that come from the patient’sbody. Pacemakers must also undergo regular checking process and must be replaced periodically.Based on the background of this issue, a group of scientists trying to create a biological pacemaker that is expected to replace the electronic pacemaker role in the future.
One of the researchers, the biological pacemaker consists of electrically active cells that can be functionally integrated with the heart and give a naturalheart rate without requiring the presence of foreigners in the heart of the hardware.Theoretically, the approach to create a biological pacemaker is to transform stem cells into a special pacemaker commonly found in the sinoatrial node of the heart.Cells specialized pacemaker successfully created will then be transplanted into the patient’s heart to restore a normal heartbeat function. Another approach that can be used is by changing other cells in the heart, such as cells in the fibroblasts (connective tissue of the heart) and turn them into pacemaker cells.
So far the research is still tested on animals but has not really produced anything considered to be applied in human clinical therapy. Researchers still need to understand the mechanisms of control and maintenance of pacemaker cells that have been produced.In addition, the researchers found it necessary to develop a method of cell transplantation pacemaker in certain parts of the heart. Biological pacemaker should really be prepared in such a way with the higheststandards. Due to the failure of the pacemaker even for a moment can be very harmful to the patient’s life.
Hopefully this article can be an inspiration to you.