SpaceX, a private company engaged in the assembly of the spacecraft is planning to send a spacecraft named Red Dragon to Mars in early 2018. The company owned by Elon Musk has said openly will carry out further Mars exploration involving humans and no longer using robots someday. Although it has been stated that the company did not specify how many spacecraft that will be sent to Mars associated with this mission.
The spacecraft will be flown in from SpaceX to Mars, using the booster rocket Falcon Heavy. Falcon Heavy rocket is a newer version than the previous version of the Falcon 9 rocket that will first be tested for a launch capsule heading to Mars with no humans involved in it. When launching the capsule with heavy payloads landed well on Mars, then SpaceX will launch involving humans in it. In addition, if SpaceX is able to do that, then SpaceX was the first private airlines were able to land a spacecraft on another planet. The aircraft also will be used as a residence by the astronauts who went to Mars. SpaceX company also said that the Red Dragon is a spacecraft weighing 6,000 kg before sliding out of the earth. Then when it is outside the Earth’s atmosphere, some parts like a rocket booster will be released from the main spacecraft. Then one by one the other parts that are not needed will be released until finally landing on Mars successfully done so only in the form of capsules. At the time of landing is successful, the capsule has a weight of 3000 kg.
The landing propulsion machinery is a machine that allows landings efficiently to deliver cargo in bulk to the surface of Mars. This is one way that NASA still does not know how to do it. If not using the engine driving the landing capsule is definitely potentially suffered severe damage. It is caused by a very different atmosphere between the Earth possessed with Mars. The atmosphere on Earth thicker, thus allowing the capsule to be crash landed more slowly. Mars has only a much thinner atmosphere than Earth, so that the capsule would have the potential to experience a violent collision with the surface of Mars. To prevent conflicts, the driving engine landings can be controlled very necessary.
Red Dragon’s mission will be very important to the long-term goal of SpaceX to establish a colony on Mars. Mission sending humans to Mars will require delivery of tons of equipment first before humans got there, so explorers have all the equipment they need for their survival. Red Dragon could be a very important means for transporting supplies to and from the planet. SpaceX said that he would reveal the full extent of Mars colonization scheme in September at the International Aeronautical Congress in Guadalajara, Mexico.