Missiles, missile is a weapon of military rocket that can be controlled or have automatic control system to find the target or adjust the direction. In everyday usage, the term “missile” refers to the rocket with the control system, while the “rocket” is used for the rocket without the control system. The main difference between the differences were too few in addition to the control system.
The first missile was used in a missile operations in World War II Germany. The most famous is the V-1 and V-2, both using a simple autopilot system to maintain the flying bullets in order to stay on a predetermined route.
This type of missile:
LGM-30 Minuteman, ballistic missile nuclear warheads the United States.
Ballistic missile is a missile trajectory using ballistic trajectories determined by the delivery system. These missiles are controlled only during the launch of the course. The first ballistic missile V-2 rocket was developed by Nazi Germany in the 1930s and 1940s, at the instruction of Walter Dornberger. Ballistic missiles can be launched from fixed sites such as missile silos, launch vehicles, aircraft, ships or submarines. The launch phase can last anywhere from tens of seconds to several minutes and can consist of up to three levels of the rocket. Ballistic missile trajectory consists of three stages, namely the launch phase, free-flying phase and a phase of re-entering Earth’s atmosphere.
Cruise missile is a missile wing and put to use as a jet propulsion. Essentially a cruise missile flying bomb. Cruise missile designed to carry conventional warheads or nuclear weapons in large numbers and can reach hundreds of miles with a high degree of accuracy. Modern cruise missiles can fly up to speed on the subsonic or supersonic, using an automatic control system and flying at low altitude to avoid radar.
The first cruise missile that was developed is the Kettering Bug, developed by the United States in 1917 for use in World War I. This missile flew straight for a predetermined time and then its wings will be released to the body then contain missile warheads fell pierced through the soil. These missiles were never used in war since World War I is completed before the missile can be used. Missiles of this type are well-known example is the U.S. BGM-109 Tomahawk can reach the range of 1,100 km.
An RGM 84 Harpoon fired from the frigate USS Badger (FF-1071).
Anti-ship missile is a missile whose primary function is to destroy surface ships. Most anti-ship missile uses inertial guidance system and radar tracking is active. Anti-ship missile is one of the short-range missile used in World War II. Germans use it to drown many allied ships before the Allies to find ways to overcome them (principally with radio jamming). Anti-ship missiles can be launched from ships, submarines, planes, helicopters and ground vehicles. Anti-ship missiles that are famous in the history of German missiles, Fritz X and Henschel Hs 293.
Examples of anti-ship missiles:
1.Boeing Harpoon (USA) – 221 kg warhead, range 93-315 km depending on platform
2.C-802/YJ-82 CSS-N-8 ‘saccades’ (China) – 165 kg warhead, 500 + km range
3.Exocet (France) – 165 kg warhead, 70-180 km range
4.RBS-15 (Sweden) – 200 kg warhead, 200 km range
5.Sea Eagle (UK) – 230 kg warhead, 110 + km range
6.Kh-35 (Russia) – 1645 kg warhead, 130 km range
RIM-116 Rolling Airframe Missile Launcher.
Surface-to-air missile is a guided missile launched from the ground to destroy aircraft. Well-known term for this type of SAM missiles which stands for surface-to-air missiles in the English language that is suface-to-air missile. Surface-to-air missiles can be launched from fixed sites or launch vehicles. The smallest SAM developed by the Soviet Union can be brought and launched by a soldier. SAM can also be launched from a ship, an example of this type is Aegis.
Air to Air Missiles
Air-to-air missile is a missile mounted on an aircraft to target enemy aircraft destroyed. Air-to-air missiles such as the famous AIM-9 Sidewinder is made in the United States. Missiles of this type can detect a target using radar tracking, infrared or laser. Air-to-air missiles are generally form of long, thin cylinder to reduce the effects of friction at high speeds. These missiles are generally driven by one or more solid-fuel rocket or a liquid. MBDA Meteor made in the United Kingdom using a ramjet and can reach speeds of Mach 4.
Anti-tank guided missile missile whose primary function is to destroy tanks or other armored vehicles. Anti-tank missiles such as first-generation AG-3 Sagger is controlled using a joystick. Anti-tank missiles such as the second generation of the BGM-71 TOW and AGM-114 Hellfire using radio, laser marker, or a camera on the end of the missile. Anti-tank missiles such as the third-generation Javelin FGM-148 US-made and artificial Nag India is of the kind of “fire and forget”. Nag uses infrared and millimeter-wave tracers.
A MIM-104 Patriot launcher fired from the vehicle.
Anti-ballistic missile is a guided missile with a main function to ambush and destroy ballistic missiles opposite. Anti-ballistic missiles of short distances between the other Israeli-made Arrow and Patriot MIM-104 US-made. While the anti-ballistic missile designed to counter the ICBM before there were only two, namely the U.S. Safeguard the use of LIM-49A Spartan and Sprint as well as A-35 Russian. A-35 later developed into the A-135 that uses the Gorgon and Gazelle. The United States then develop the Ground-Based Midcourse Defense.
Anti-satellite missile is a missile that has a function to destroy the enemy artificial satellites. Missiles of this type include the Anti-satellite weapons (ASAT) which was launched from the aircraft. Missiles of this type is relatively still in development stage.
Joint Direct Attack Munition (id: Joint Direct Attack Munitions)
JDAM is a guide to changing equipment not guided gravity bombs, or “dumb bombs”, a munition “smart” in all weathers. JDAM bombs equipment is used to guide the target with an integrated inertial guidance system that paired a recipient of the Global Positioning System (GPS) to increase accuracy, giving the launch of more than 15 nautical miles (28 km) from the launch point.
GBU-29 250-lb MK-81
GBU-30 500-lb MK-82
GBU-31 2000-lb MK-84 or BLU-109
GBU-32 1000-lb MK-83
GBU-35 1000-lb BLU-110
GBU-38 500-lb MK-82
Anti-submarine rocket weapons UUM-44 SUBROC. These missiles launched by submarines from the sea.
Torpedo is having a projectile itself, which was launched from the surface or below the water surface is then slid beneath the water surface, designed to explode on contact or a certain distance to the target. Torpedo can be launched from ships, submarines, helicopters, aircraft and sea mines. Some examples of modern torpedoes, among others, the U.S. MK 48 launched from submarine torpedo tubes and using passive or active sonar, and VA-111 that uses a Russian-made Shkval superkavitasi effects can reach speeds of 200 knots or 370 km / h.
The guide missile
Radar guidance system is generally used for medium-range missiles or far infrared where the target signal is generally too weak to be tracked infrared detectors. There are two kinds of missiles guided radar is active and semi-active. Missiles with active radar guidance system has its own radar system to detect and track targets. But the size of the radar antenna is limited by the small diameter missiles and limit the range missile detection.
To overcome this, the missile must have other means (usually inertial guidance system) to approach a target before activating his radar. Missile semi-active radar guided is more common. This type of missile detecting radar energy emitted from the target. Radar signals emitted by aircraft gunner. By this means the aircraft gunner must keep the lock until it can reach the target missile, thus limiting the power of flight maneuvers that could endanger the shooter along with the threat of enemy aircraft. Missiles of this type is also more easily disrupted (jamming) because the distance to the target shooter aircraft as far from the target to the missile. guided missile radar could be overcome by continuous maneuver which resulted in locking the stops, deploying chaff or using electronic counter-measures.
Wizard of infrared
Infrared guidance system will track heat generated enemy aircraft. Infrared detector initially had a low sensitivity level only keep track to heat generated drainage plane. This means the attacker has to maneuver the aircraft to fire missiles when it is behind the enemy aircraft. Infrared signal is weaker when the distance is also an obstacle further away the old system.Guidance modern infrared missile can detect the heat from any part of the enemy planes into heat by the friction with the air. This makes maneuvering the aircraft gunners did not need to find a position behind the enemy aircraft before they opened fire. However this could still increase the likelihood of the target.
To overcome this type of missile, used flares that are hotter than the plane itself so that the missile will track the higher heat. Current research to develop a laser that can destroy a missile guidance system in the infrared. Modern missiles such as ASRAAM missiles use infrared imaging that can “see” the target (such as a digital video camera) and can distinguish between a plane with heat sources such as flares. The system also has a wide angle so that the attack aircraft did not necessarily have to be in a straight line with a target to be locked. Pilots only need to use a helmet mounted sight (HMS) and then “see” the target before firing. Russian Su-27 equipped with an infrared tracking system and the search is equipped with laser rangefinders for its HMS system. To be able to maneuver from the point of inadequate fire at short range to find the target, air-to-air missiles equipped with a vector that allows the driver to rotate the direction of the missile.