Formula 1 is a set of technical rules for the single seat car racing (single seater) which was announced by the Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA), the highest institution in charge of any kind of motor sports. Rules are made yearly and describes in detail the size of the maximum and minimum engine capacity, technical rules, and driver and spectator safety rules. Cars built with this rule called the race a Formula 1 car and a used car is called the Formula 1 racing car. besides there is another class of the FIA specifications, such as F-3 and F-3000. But Formula 1 is the highest level of competition found in the motor sports world.
Any driver who took part in Formula 1 competition, either as primary or backup drivers are required to have a super license, a sign of entry for prospective riders issued FIA Formula 1. To get a prospective rider is required to drive a Formula 1 car along the 300 km and was witnessed by representatives of the FIA. If they judge that the driver is eligible to race in Formula 1, FIA super license and will give the riders are free to follow the Formula 1 race.
Since Nikolaus Otto gasoline engine was introduced in 1876, following the rapid dynamics of human lifestyle. One of them, the desire to compete. History records that in 1894, the race between the city of Paris to Rouen became the forerunner of F1 racing. At that time the car could be carrying more than one. Not as restrictive as the rules now, even the show for lunch.
Almost the entire distance intercity competition was held. The road was dirty, dusty and no facilities at all. The participants came from several countries. John Gordon Bennett, a king of the British newspaper as the first recorded scientific community. Circuit takes the closed public roads. Since then, the number of closed circuit built more and more popping up in Europe. Car manufacturers who participate are also not only Peugeot and Panhard. Mercedes-Benz, Bugatti, Maserati, Alfa Romeo and Auto Union staged in the early decades of the 30’s.
Racing engine technology have also increased. Prof started. Ferdinand Porsche, Auto Union chief designer, who created the 4400 cc engine-powered 295 hp. Mercedes joined reacted with 4700 cc engine is capable of 470 hp. Auto Union to increase the capacity of 6000 cc engine capable of producing 520 hp power.
Peak in 1937 when Mercedes released the W125. This 8-cylinder engine capacity reached 5600 cc and produces 580 hp power. Supercharger as a power booster components are prevalent. The continuation of this race was stopped during the World War I and II. New on May 13, 1950 held an official F1 racing at Silverstone, England. The competition is opened King George VI and Princess Elizabeth. In this race also introduced the term Grand Prix.
The first race of the 21 participants with a single-seater vehicle front wheels. Although equipped with a supercharger, the car is still difficult to control on the track. That comes up is the legendary Juan Manuel Fangio. He won several championships wearing Alfa Romeo, Mercedes, Ferrari and Ferrari Maserati.Pada this year as well as the Italian manufacturer, made history. The drivers Ascari, Fangio and Hawthorn managed to attract public attention by winning a GP in the range 1952-1958.
Changes began to appear in the 1960’s. One turn of the rear wheels. These changes are also made gains at a lower center of gravity. Consequently the driver’s position becomes more horizontal. Colin Champman monokok chassis introduced in 1963 in a car 25/33. This vehicle is also a time to dominate a race with driver Jim Clark.
Like the previous era, the 1970s marked the progress of the revolutionary racing technology. Recorded at least three new innovations in this field. That is a revolution in aerodynamics, turbo device and aerodynamic silhouette chassis.Role began to receive attention in the 1968 season. The role of guiding the machine the ability to form excellent chassis. Ferrari when it pioneered the use of wings (wing) in car 312 the race. This is a significant change since the previous entire F1 car shaped like a cigar. With these revolutionary aerodynamics, the car hit the pavement to grow despite moving at high speed and was in the corner. Plus the bottom of the chassis is formed so that air can flow over the decade smooth. On Jackie Stewart and Niki Lauda emerged as ruler. Both managed to make the increasingly popular F1 race of the world population. Proved the sponsor race in the race to promote the event.
Stepping into the 1980’s, growing tech turbo engine. If the 1977 Renault were able to achieve a power of 500 hp, 4-cylinder BMW engines in 1985 capable of producing 1200 hp. With this addition to be world champion Nelson Piquet 1985 with Brabham BT54. Accident that killed Gilles Villeneuve in 1982 marked the dangers of an F1 race. Physical and mental demands of the prime is non-negotiable things fresh again. Discipline. State professional racers have more guts racer does not make it sank. Proven in the era of the 1980s appeared a new legend Ayrton Senna. Brazilian racing driver and then became a symbol of the resurrection of Modern F1 driver. Unfortunately, a fatal accident had taken his life at Tamburello corner, Imola in 1994.
F1 racing are increasingly popular, making the world championship as a symbol of world auto racing. The driver became world leaders and celebrities have millions of fans. Michael Schumacher deserve to be a symbol of the era of the 1990s. Along with the interest of the world, land is racing to be the central concern. Economic and financial activities are involved in it. The emergence of the top teams are strong teams can be used as an indicator.
In the third millennium, the technology a step further racing. Aerodynamics received much attention. But the main use of the electronic components increasingly vital role. Including by way of adopting the technology space.