It is undeniable that an electric generator is required to have an excellent cooling system to remove heat created therein. If the heat in the generator is not immediately removed, he will directly damage the generator itself. Excessive heat can damage the coils in the extreme rotor, stator, it will even burn components of the generator.
Hydrogen gas is the best choice to replace the air as the cooling medium generator primarily on large-sized generators. Hydrogen chosen because its characteristics were excellent when used as a coolant, call it a high thermal conductivity (0.168 W / m · K), its density is very light, and also a high specific heat. With these characteristics, making hydrogen 7-10 times better than air conditioning if used. This can be likened to generate the same electrical power, air-cooled generator will be sized 7-10 times greater than the hydrogen-cooled generator. Therefore, for large-sized generators, hydrogen cooling systems will become more economical than using the air conditioning. Actually, helium gas has good thermal conductivity as well (0.142 W / m · K), but because the price is much more expensive than hydrogen, then it is not used.
Generators are formed from millions of winding wire arranged in a coil on the two sides of the different sectors the rotor and stator. The coils will generate very high heat during generator operation. Hydrogen as a coolant to flow generator will envelop these coils, absorbing heat, and throw it in the cooling heat exchanger. There are two types of hydrogen in the generator cooling system commonly used is hydrogen cools the generator rotor stator at the same time, and generator with hydrogen cooling for the water on the rotor and stator side. Generators that use hydrogen coolant in the water on the rotor and stator usually large and Megawatt electricity generating over 500 MW. Read more